As I contemplate my literature review and future research, continuing professional development (CPD) is top of mind. I’m tending to focus on the CPD that pertains to achieving a professional designation and the CPD required to meet requirements such as that for licensing. Some is face-to-face in a traditional class, while other CPD is quite commonly self-study at a distance. My particular interest is in the distance approach where technology is used to foster collaborative learning, as in a personal learning environment (PLE).

Many will continue to prefer opportunities to attend CPD in the physical presence of others. This may be for a variety of factors that include receiving a number of credit hours in a condensed period, and this is made even more appealing with socialization and a nice environment. Despite my extensive background as a distance learner, I took part in a face-to-face setting that I wrote about as Advocis Banff School 2011.Your may be interested in the blog post and photos. Yes, it was an enjoyable experience, but I still continue to research relating to eLearning opportunities.

I should be writing more toward my literature review right now, but I have returned to a book on my bookshelf, of which I have the newly updated edition: The Adult Learner: The Definitive Classic in Adult Education and Human Resource Development. In this book, Knowles, Holton, and Swanson (2011) discuss the application of andragogical principles in adult learning. If I continue on this CPD/PLE path of interest, it is becoming obvious that adult learning is a necessary foundation for the reading in my literature review. A second book that is referenced and in my collection awaiting a return to it, is The Meaning of Adult Education. Lindeman (1961) is a classic (republished from original 1926 edition). It and other writings are going to inform my exploration of this area.


Knowles, M. S., Holton, E. F., & Swanson, R. A. (2011). The adult learner: The definitive classic in adult education and human resource development. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Lindeman, E. (1961). The meaning of adult education. Montreal: Harvest House.

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